India has one of the best infrastructures in the world. India has some of the best structure of flyovers, expressway, tunnels, cloverleafs, Dams, Elevated freeway and bridges. These structures and bridges play a very important role to make world’s largest railway network. In this article I would be telling you about the longest railway bridges in India.
1. Vembanad Bridge, Kerala
Vembanad Rail Bridge is a rail connecting Edappally and Vallarpadam in Kochi, Kerala. With a total length of 4,620 metres, it is the longest railway bridge in India. The railway line bridge is dedicated for only goods trains and traffic is 15 trains per day. Vembanad bridge is build over the backwaters of Vembanad lake and passes through the 3 small islands. Vembanad lake is the longest lake in India and the largest lake of Kerala.
2. Nehru Setu Rail Bridge, Bihar
The Nehru Setu rail bridge also known as Upper Son bridge is the second longest railway bridge in India with total length of 3,059 metres. Nehru Setu connects Dehri-on-Son and Son Nagar open on 27 February 1900. There is a river road bridge Jawahar Setu on National Highway 2 NH-2 running parallel to the long Nehru Setu rail bridge.
3. Havelock Bridge, Andhra Pradesh
The Havelock bridge or old Godavari bridge is 2.7 km long decommissioned bridge over the Godavari river in Andhra Pradesh. Godavari arch bridge was built as a replacement for Havelock bridge and now the bridge is used to host civic water supply pipelines. There is another bridge in Holy Godavari river known as Kovvur-Rajahmundry bridge.
4. Godavari Arch Bridge, Andhra Pradesh
The New Railway bridge on holy Godavari river is a Arch bridge of total length 2.7 Km at Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh. Godavari arch bridge is a single Railway lane bridge replaces then parallel running old Godavari bridge. The new Godavari bridge is one of the longest span prestressed concrete arch bridge in Asia.
5. Mahanadi Rail Bridge, Odisha
The 2.1 km (1.3 miles) long Second Mahanadi Rail Bridge built at a cost of Rs. 120 crore was commissioned in 2008. The bridge has been designed for a train speed of 160 km per hour (99.41 miles per hour). Adequate steps have been taken to withstand quake. First Mahanadi bridge is locatd near Bhootmundei.
6. Pamban Bridge, Tamil Nadu
Pamban Bridge has a length of 2,065 meters. Pamban Bridge is a railway bridge which connects the town of Rameswaram on Pamban Island to mainland India. Opened on 24 February 1914, it was India's first sea bridge, and was the longest sea bridge in India until the opening of the Bandra-Worli Sea Link in 2010.
7. Sharavathi River Bridge, Karnataka
The Sharavati Bridge is a railway bridge, south of Honnavar, in the state of Karnataka, India, completed in 1994. It carries the Konkan Railway over the Sharavati river. It is 2,060 metres (6,760 ft) long and is the longest bridge on that railway and the longest railway bridge in the state.
8. Konkan Railway Bridge, Maharashtra
Konkan railway bridge is also known as Zuari Bridge. Zuari Bridge is build across the Zuari river in Goa state. The 1,319 metres long bridge is the longest bridge of Konkan rail network, Konkan rail network is one of the most beautiful train route in India and connects Maharashtra, Goa and Karnataka states.
9. Balawali Railway Bridge, Uttar Pradesh
The new railway bridge was built across the holy river Ganga near Balawali between the Laksar Najibabad Railway route in Uttar Pradesh. Balawali railway bridge is run parallel to Balawali road bridge. There is a longest rail-cum road bridge over the Ganga river in Patna is under construction. The total length of this bridge is 840 metres.
10. Jubilee Bridge Hooghly, West Bengal
Jubilee Bridge is the very important rail bridge build over the river Hooghly between Naihati and Bandel at Calcutta. It's a cantilever truss bridge and one of the oldest rail bridge in India. It will be replaced by a new rail bridge built adjacent to it to be named as Sampreeti bridge. The total length of this bridge is 482 metres.