God's own land! No other word can aptly to describe the wonderful Valley of Flowers. Hidden from the outside world and known only to some mountain inhabitants of the Bhyundar Valley, it was traditionally avoided by the shepherds of the hills. believing it to be the celestial playground of the Gods, nymphs and fairies!
This mysterious valley was discovered by the world renowned British explorer, Botanist and mountaineer Frank S. Smythe, in 1931 while returning from Mt. Kamet expedition. His book "The Valley of Flowers" lifted the veil of this hidden beauty for the outside world. In 1939, the British Botanical Association sent their botanist Margarate Legge for further study of the valley. She never returned. She slipped off and was lost forever in the valley. It has now become the pad of Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve.
An alpine valley formed by retreating glaciers, whose movements through millions of years have shaken the hard rocks beneath, forming a unique u-shapped valley. It houses some of the rarest flora and fauna, that have gone through the wonderful evolutionary process to adapt to the harsh geographical and climatic conditions. Its one of India's most coveted National Natural Parks. Best time to visit the valley is from mid July to mid August
- Air: Nearest airport is Jolly Grant, Dehradun. 306 km away
- Rail: Nearest railhead is Rishikesh, 300 km.
- Road: The Valley is approachable from Govindghat.
- Tourist Rest House -GMVN, Ghangaria
- Forest Rest House, Ghangaria,01389-222179
- Gurudwara Guest House, Ghangaria
The Valley of Flowers is flanked on either side by majestic peaks. capped with snow. The Pushpawati river, emerging from the glacial deposits around Rataban and Nilgiri ranges, cuts through the Valley and divides it into two sectors. The major portion of the Valley is on its right bank and is a paradise for trekkers.
Many streams flowing from glacial deposits in and around the Valley irrigate it and merge finally into the Pushpawati river. While exploring the Valley, the smaller streams can be easily crossed by wading across but the larger ones need to be crossed on a log bridges. In case those which have not been put up in time, thick glacial bridges across the streams also serve the purpose.
There are no side tracks for viewing colonies of flowers away from the main track so you can either try to wade through knee-deep flowers and foliage, crushing some on the way or stay on the single track running through the length of the valley without seeing the best. There are many smaller valleys carved out by streams of melting glaciers. On the banks of these Valleys, you can encounter the most exciting pattern of flowers.
An irresistible wonder for nature lovers, botanists, ecologists, zoologists. ornithologists and trekkers, the Valley remains snow covered from November to May but when the ice envelope thaws in June it is a signal for the profusion of colours hidden in petals of alpine during July and August. Some important flowering plants having tremendous medicinal and aromatic values are: Anemone. Geranium, Marsh, Marigold, Primula, Potentilla, Gown, Aster. Lilium, Himalayanblue poppy, Aconite, Delphinium, Ranunculus, Corydalis, Inula, Saussurea obvallata, Campanula. Pedicularis, Trysimum, Morina, Impetiens, Bistorta. Ligularia. Anaphalis Saxifraga, Lobelia, Thermophis, Trolises. Aquilegia, Codonopsis. Dactylorhiza, Cypripedium. Strawberries and Rhododendron.
Apart from the flowering plants, various Himalayan birds, butterflies, Musk Deer, Bharal (Mountain goats). Himalayan bear, tailless rat etc. are the rare inhabitants of the valley. It is in the winter, the valley freezes with the view of heavenly glaciers. The entire valley lies beneath, like the polished steel. The meadows get quilted under thick layers of snow.
Hemkund Lokpal: At a height of 4,329 mt is one of the holiest Sikh Shrines dedicated to Guru Gobind Singh, the 10th Guru of the Khalsa Panth. It is a very picturesque place, serene and scenic. The Lakshman temple is also nearby.