God's own land! No other word can aptly to describe the
wonderful Valley of Flowers. Hidden from the outside world and
known only to some mountain inhabitants of the Bhyundar
Valley, it was traditionally avoided by the shepherds of the hills.
believing it to be the celestial playground of the Gods, nymphs
This mysterious valley was discovered by the world renowned
British explorer, Botanist and mountaineer Frank S. Smythe, in
1931 while returning from Mt. Kamet expedition. His book "The
Valley of Flowers" lifted the veil of this hidden beauty for the
outside world. In 1939, the British Botanical Association sent
their botanist Margarate Legge for further study of the valley.
She never returned. She slipped off and was lost forever in the
valley. It has now become the pad of Nanda Devi Biosphere
An alpine valley formed by retreating glaciers, whose
movements through millions of years have shaken the
hard rocks beneath, forming a unique u-shapped valley. It
houses some of the rarest flora and fauna, that have gone
through the wonderful evolutionary process to adapt to
the harsh geographical and climatic conditions. Its one
of India's most coveted National Natural Parks.
Best time to visit the valley is from mid July to mid
The Valley of Flowers is flanked on either side by majestic
peaks. capped with snow. The Pushpawati river, emerging from
the glacial deposits around Rataban and Nilgiri ranges, cuts
through the Valley and divides it into two sectors. The major
portion of the Valley is on its right bank and is a paradise
Many streams flowing from glacial deposits in and around the
Valley irrigate it and merge finally into the Pushpawati river.
While exploring the Valley, the smaller streams can be easily
crossed by wading across but the larger ones need to be
crossed on a log bridges. In case those which have not been put
up in time, thick glacial bridges across the streams also serve
There are no side tracks for viewing colonies of flowers away
from the main track so you can either try to wade through knee-deep flowers and foliage, crushing some on the way or stay on
the single track running through the length of the valley without
seeing the best. There are many smaller valleys carved out by
streams of melting glaciers. On the banks of these Valleys, you
can encounter the most exciting pattern of flowers.
An irresistible wonder for nature lovers, botanists, ecologists,
zoologists. ornithologists and trekkers, the Valley remains snow
covered from November to May but when the ice envelope
thaws in June it is a signal for the profusion of colours hidden in
petals of alpine during July and August. Some important
flowering plants having tremendous medicinal and aromatic
values are: Anemone. Geranium, Marsh, Marigold, Primula,
Potentilla, Gown, Aster. Lilium, Himalayanblue poppy, Aconite, Delphinium, Ranunculus, Corydalis, Inula, Saussurea obvallata, Campanula. Pedicularis, Trysimum, Morina, Impetiens, Bistorta. Ligularia. Anaphalis Saxifraga, Lobelia, Thermophis, Trolises. Aquilegia, Codonopsis. Dactylorhiza, Cypripedium. Strawberries and Rhododendron.
Apart from the flowering plants, various Himalayan birds, butterflies, Musk Deer, Bharal (Mountain goats). Himalayan bear, tailless rat etc. are the rare inhabitants of the valley. It is in the winter, the valley freezes with the view of heavenly glaciers. The entire valley lies beneath, like the polished steel. The meadows get quilted under thick layers of snow.